Atrial fibrillation (AFib) is the most common type of arrhythmia which is diagnosed via an electrocardiogram (ECG).4
AFib can occur with hypertension and is associated with a 5x greater risk of stroke. With effective treatment, the risk of stroke can be reduced.2
Lifetime risk for AFib is 1 in 3 individuals1and can be classified into 3 varieties:
- Persistent and,
The treatment needs to be tailored to the individual patient in accordance with the duration, symptoms, and severity.
According to the 2020 ESC medical guidelines on AFib1:
- Opportunistic screening for AFib is recommended in hypertensive patients.
- Definite diagnosis of AFib in screen-positive cases is established only after physician reviews the single-lead ECG recording of ≥30 s or 12-lead ECG and confirms that it shows AFib.
Home blood pressure monitors can be a useful screening tool for detecting AFib and provide accurate readings with repeated measurements2,3.
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AFib is an abnormal heart rhythm and the most common arrythmia that impacts the measurement of blood pressure when using oscillometric techniques.
The Basic principles of ECG
An electrocardiogram (ECG) is used to determine how the heart is functioning. ECG is important for early detection of a cardiac disorder.
Tachycardia on ECG
Tachycardia is a faster heart beat than normal which could be an early sign of a serious pathology.
- Hindricks G. et al. ‘’2020 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of atrial fibrillation developed in collaboration with the European Association of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS). ‘’ European Heart Journal (2020) 00, 1-126.
- Balanis T, Sanner B. Detection of Atrial Fibrillation Using a Home Blood Pressure Monitor. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2021;17:407-414
- Cohen, Debbie L., and Raymond R. Townsend. “Blood Pressure in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: Part 1-Measurement.” Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.) 19.1 (2016): 98-99.
Wyndham C. R. (2000). Atrial fibrillation: the most common arrhythmia. Texas Heart Institute journal, 27(3), 257–267.